Keywords: activated sludge process, compact reactor, deep-shaft reactor, industrial application, uprating of ASP
Applications of the deep-shaft activated sludge process in wastewater treatment
The deep-shaft activated sludge process is a unique modification of the activated sludge system. The main objective of this system is to increase the amount of dissolved oxygen available for biological activity. This can be achieved by increasing the rate of oxygen transfer from the gas phase to the liquid phase. The deep-shaft configuration increases the partial pressure of oxygen, thereby causing a high saturation concentration in the reactor. In the deep-shaft process, owing to high oxygen availability, a higher organic loading can be accommodated with a comparatively low air supply. This reduces the energy and area requirements and lowers the overall cost of treatment. This technology has been successfully applied for the high-rate treatment of strongly polluted wastewater, as well as for the treatment of wastewater containing toxic or slowly biodegradable pollutants. This paper presents different applications of the deep-shaft activated sludge process, along with their relative performances.