Keywords: research collectives, hybrid social regimes, appropriation, tacit knowledge, public research systems, biotechnology
Appropriation, tacit knowledge and hybrid social regimes in biotechnology in Europe
The article aims to trace the way in which the scientific community works through the study of a specific discipline. The information concerns both a country study and a comparison between different European countries. The analysis deals with different aspects the role of collaborations through which tacit knowledge circulates among scientists: the way in which scientific teams are involved in market activities and inter-institutional relations; the possibility of combining rules of different social regimes and the growth of new functions and goals within the scientific community; the relation between laboratories' capacity of developing diversified strategies and the central norms of the scientific community. Differentiation and competition characterise public research teams; a coexistence between different rules emerge, but teams and scientific institutions have not still developed a good balance between conflicting goals.