Objective of the report
This report provides approximated estimates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the EU.15 and EU.28 for the year 2012. They are also referred to as 'proxy' estimates in this report, and they are based on incomplete activity and/or emissions data at country level. The EU proxy estimates include Croatia for the first time. The official submission of 2012 data to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will occur in 2014.
In recent years, the EEA and its European Topic Centre on Air Pollution and Climate Change Mitigation have developed a methodology to estimate GHG emissions using a 'bottom.up' approach. This 'bottom.up' approach is used in this report. It uses data (or estimates) for individual countries, sectors and gases to derive EU GHG estimates for the preceding year (also known as 't.minus.1'). For transparency, this report shows the country-level GHG estimates from which the EU estimates have been derived. The 2012 estimates are based on the latest activity data available at country level, and these estimates assume no change in emission factors or methodologies as compared to the official 2013 submissions to UNFCCC (which relate to emissions in 2011).
The data and estimates used in this report have mostly been compiled by the EEA's European Topic Centre on Air Pollution and Climate Change Mitigation and are shown in Annex II of the full report. However, some EU Member States also estimate and publish their own proxy estimates of GHG emissions for the preceding year. Where such estimates exist they are clearly referenced in this report in order to ensure complete transparency regarding the different GHG estimates available.
EU Member States' own proxy estimates were also used for quality assurance and quality control of the EEA's GHG proxy estimates for 2012.
Finally, the EEA has also used the proxy estimates of 2012 GHG emissions produced by EEA member countries to assess progress towards the Kyoto targets in its annual trends and projections report (due to be published alongside the present report). In that report, the EEA's own proxy estimates for 2012 were only used for countries that lack their own estimates to track progress towards national and EU targets.
Approximated EU GHG inventory: early estimates for 2012
Objective of the report