April 2005 - Regulatory Update
The Onyx Environmental Services - Environmental, Health, Safety, and Transportation department is pleased to present the Monthly Regulatory Update. The update contains a brief summary of the proposed and final rules from EPA, OSHA, and DOT published in the Federal Register in the past calendar month. If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions regarding the Monthly Regulatory Updates, please contact Kevin McGrath at (402) 991-6666 or Tom Baker at (973) 691-7330. The .pdf file contains the Monthly Regulatory Update.
A. EPA Protection of Stratospheric Ozone: Substitute Refrigerant Recycling; Amendment to the Definition of Refrigerant; Direct Final and Proposed Rules
B. EPA Notice of Intent to Provide Internet Notice of Proposed Penalty Orders Issued Under the Clean Water Act and Safe Drinking Water Act in U.S. EPA Region V
C. DOT/PHMSA Applicability of the Hazardous Materials Regulations to Loading, Unloading, and Storage; Final Rule
D. DOT/FMCSA Limitations on the Issuance of Commercial Driver’s Licenses With a Hazardous Materials Endorsement; Interim Final Rule
E. DOT/PHMSA Hazardous Materials: Hazardous Waste Manifest Requirements; Withdrawal of Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
F. NRC Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material; Solicitation of Comments on Proposed Changes
HEALTH & SAFETY UPDATES
(No Health and Safety Updates to Report for April 2005)
G. DOJ/DEA Schedules of Controlled Substances: Placement of Zopiclone into Schedule IV; Final Rule
H. DOJ/DEA Electronic Orders for Controlled Substances; Final Rule
The growing e-waste problem
If your current PC is too slow or running out of storage space, it’s probably more cost-effective to replace it than to upgrade it. But have you ever stopped to consider what happens to your old computer once you abandon it for a newer model? The workplace mantra of “reduce, reuse, recycle” often ends with office paper and aluminum soda cans, falling short when it comes to electronic waste. As a result, myriad computers considered obsolete by today’s high-tech standards sit unused in back...
May 2005 - Regulatory Update
The Onyx Environmental Services - Environmental, Health, Safety, and Transportation department is pleased to present the Monthly Regulatory Update. The update contains a brief summary of the proposed and final rules from EPA, OSHA, and DOT published in the Federal Register in the past calendar month. If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions regarding the Monthly Regulatory Updates, please contact Kevin McGrath at (402) 991-6666 or Tom Baker at (973) 691-7330. The .pdf file contains the Monthly Regulatory...
THE ISSUE: An Overlooked & Underlying Source of
According to and as of the 2000 U.S. Census, there are 105 million `occupied` households in the United States. Each household is disposing of Fats, Oils and Greases (FOG) and other Household Hazardous Wastes (HHW), as the EPA refers to them, at the approximate rate of One (1) gallon per month through various methods; some legal and some not. The currently mandated methods and policies significantly contribute to the repetitive NPSP contamination of our water resources and overall eco-systems. The Water Protection...
Diagnosing your HazMat compliance program - How do you get started?
In a competitive industry, environmental health and safety (EH&S) professionals are asked to do more, efficiently, with reduced staffs. This creates a tense atmosphere. Although employees perform to the best of their ability, they continue to feel the economic pressure. Other challenges facing companies today include multiple departments contending for the same limited dollars against a mass of financial pressure to justify expenditures, agencies, including OSHA, DOT and the EPA, enforce regulations related...
Regionally Based Assessment of Persistent Toxic Substances
Untitled Document EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In 1997 the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Governing Council decided that immediate international action should be initiated to protect human health and the environment through measures which will reduce and/or eliminate the emissions and discharges of an initial set of twelve “persistent organic pollutants” (POPs). The present project was initiated in mid-1998 at a time when the negotiations for an international legally binding instrument...
Reactive Chemicals Get More Scrutiny
Untitled Document In the wake of several high-profile industrial explosions, government bodies are showing renewed interest in regulating reactive chemicals. These are chemicals that can become unstable in certain circumstances, such as through mixture or storage with incompatible substances, or exposure to excessive heat or pressure. This column briefly summarizes what to expect in the year ahead. EPA and OSHA mandate accident prevention programs, and hold the owner or...
How to Survive An EPA Clean Air Act Title VI Refrigerant Regulations Compliance Inspection
Part 1: Prior To An Inspection EPA fines and penalties for violations of Clean Air Act (CAA) Title VI refrigerant regulations are severe. Civil penalties include up to $27,500 per day for each violation. Criminal penalties include up to five years federal imprisonment for willful violations or for knowingly violating regulations, and two years imprisonment for submission of false records. EPA routinely conducts unannounced, or "surprise inspections" to verify compliance requirements. In addition, EPA...
Estimation of HAP Emissions from Oil and Gas E&P Operation Wastes
Wastes generated from oil and gas Exploration and Production (E&P) operations contain chemicals that are considered as toxic air pollutants for the purpose of toxic release inventories (TRI) reports or hazardous air pollutants (HAP) under Title III of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. A study was conducted to estimate HAP emissions from E&P waste management operations on a per-event basis. The per-event emission estimates were primarily calculated using U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s guidance and the...
Market Expansion: Private-Public Partnership
Introduction Severn Trent is one of the world`s largest water and waste services companies. It is an environmental contractor, providing water, sewerage and waste management services to communities around the world. The company safeguards public health by providing safe drinking water and effective sanitation services, while it protects the environment and serves the community by disposing safely of other peoples` polluting waste. On the island nation of Trinidad and Tobago, water service was poor; water was...
Conducting The Phase I Assessment - Records Review
This is the second in a series of five articles relating to conducting Phase I Environmental Site assessments. Each article attempts to give the reader a thorough understanding of a specific aspect of the Phase I process and Clayton’s commitment to meeting or exceeding the requirements of ASTM Standard E 1527 Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process. The first article discussed Historical Use of the subject and adjoining properties. This second article...
Bromine Recycling With Energy Recovery From Plastics of E&E Equipment as Part of an Integrated ...
Bromine is used as the building block for some of the most effective flame retarding agents available to the plastics industry today. They are used to protect against the risk of accidental fires in a wide range of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) such as computers, tele-visions, radios, video and stereo systems. Brominated flame retardants (BFRs), as all flame retardants, act to decrease the risk of fire by increasing the fire resistance of the materials in which they are applied.In order to investigate...
Environmental Management: Weighing up Environmental Performance Evaluation (EPE)
Abstract Why is EPE needed? Throughout this last decade of the 20 th century, the worldwide business community has seen: An increasing need for industry and commerce to address environmental aspects and to meet the increasing expectations of stakeholders for improved environmental performance; The evolution of governmental environmental regulation and legislation and the relationship of voluntary standards to these government instruments; and. The emergence of new environmental management tools to...
Introduction The leak repair requirements, under Title VI Section 608 of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, require that when an owner or operator of an appliance that normally contains a refrigerant charge of more than 50 pounds discovers that refrigerant is leaking at a rate that would exceed the applicable trigger rate during a 12-month period, the owner or operator must take corrective action. The Clean Air Act also requires that refrigerant vented into the atmosphere during installation, service or...
The Revised Personal Protective Equipment Standards for General Industry
Over the years, the OSHA Standard regarding personal protective equipment has changed as times have changed. Most recently, in the early 1990`s, OSHA conducted a comprehensive review of their Personal Protective Equipment Standard for General Industry. That study showed that the practices set forth in the existing regulation were outdated, and that they focused primarily on workplace issues of the 60`s and early 70`s. During the review of the regulation, OSHA found that a staggering number of accidents and...
Performance-Based Measurement Systems
Many of the Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) methods used to monitor air, water and soil for environmental contaminants prescribe step-by-step details on how the chemical analysis must be conducted and prohibit any deviations or variations. The EPA has recognized that monitoring equipment and technology have improved tremendously over the last few years; that environmental media do not always act the same way for each analysis; and that the matrix may affect the analysis and results. The EPA has been...
Elemental Chlorine-Free (ECF): Pollution Prevention for the Pulp and Paper Industry
Imagine being in charge of a chemical company. One day a fire breaks out, and an employee, designated as a first responder, is killed fighting the blaze. Then OSHA investigators discover that the man died primarily because both his training and his equipment were inadequate. This scenario is why CPL 2-2.59A should put anyone who runs a HAZMAT facility into a state of introspection. These employers need to ask themselves: `When was the last time that our Emergency Response Plan was brought up to date? Do our...
Environmental Situation in Africa
Abstract Africa The economic and social needs of Africa depends more on its environmental resources but these natural resources are seriously declining and that is really effecting the entire region. Sustainable development in this rapidly changing region has become an imperative, and must take place in the complex context of a diverse and changing ecosystem, political transition and evolution toward market economies. The region is heading towards integrating environmental components into sectors like...
Modification of the Hazardous Waste Program: Hazardous Waste Lamps. Final Rule - July 6, 1999
Today`s final rule adds hazardous waste lamps to the federal list of universal wastes regulated under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Handlers of universal wastes are subject to less stringent standards for storing, transporting, and collecting these wastes. The Agency has concluded that regulating spent hazardous waste lamps as a universal waste under 40 CFR Part 273 will lead to better management of these lamps and will facilitate compliance with hazardous waste requirements. Today`s final...
Management Systems in Taiwan
To assist industry in Taiwan to implement the ISO 14001 EMS standard, the Industrial Development Bureau (IDB) of Ministry of Economic Affair has launched a program to encourage industries that are willing to implement an environmental management system (EMS) this year. For the last 3 years, Taiwan`s federal government has been carrying out a similar pilot plan. Starting from this year, the government will extend the scope of the program to let over 50 companies of 20 different industries participate. It is...
Mercury Emissions From The Disposal of Fluorescent Lamps
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is making available to the public a study containing information relating to its Proposed Rule addressing the management of mercury-containing lamps under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Subtitle C hazardous waste management system published in the Federal Register on July 27, 1994, 59 FR 39288. The study consists of an electronic model and report that provides an assessment of mercury emissions from the management of mercury-containing lamps under different...
Excavation, Retrieval, and Off-Site Disposal
Introduction: Contaminated material is removed and transported to permitted off-site treatment and/or disposal facilities. Some pretreatment of the contaminated media usually is required in order to meet land disposal restrictions. Confined disposal facilities (CDFs) are engineered structure enclosed by dikes and designed to retain dredged materials. A CDF may have a large cell for material disposal, and adjoining cells for retention and decantation of turbid, supernatant water. A variety of linings have been...
Pressures on the environment may occur through chemical, physical and biological agents. The subject of this study is physical agents, where physical fields are examined. Physical fields are part of the natural environment. Depending upon their properties and the surrounding conditions, physical fields are transmitted through the spaces in which we live, potentially affecting human health and nature. Human activity can add to, modify, and enhance and reduce the intensity of these fields. Furthermore, changes in...
Skimming Oily Wastewater
As large generators of oily wastewater tighten effluent controls, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is targeting smaller generators. Some of the firms receiving their attention are smaller manufacturing plants, automotive garages, mobile equipment service shops and truck farms. Many of these firms do not have access to a sanitary sewer system that will accept oily wastewater. Because disposal in storm sewers also is prohibited, they frequently use injection wells, septic system drainfields, dry wells...