Aqueduct Metadata Document: Mekong River Basin Study
Courtesy of World Resources Institute WRI
Prior to the creation of the global Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas, indicators were developed and tested in a number of river basins worldwide. The results of the Mekong River Basin Study helped inform and shape the global Aqueduct Water Risk Framework. The Mekong River Basin study contains 14 indicators of water quantity, water variability, water quality, public awareness of water issues, access to water, and ecosystem vulnerability.
Accelerating the move to a low water economy
Carry out even a small amount of research into global water scarcity and the statistics can be unnerving. The UN estimates that 2.7 billion people will face water scarcity by 2025, and with climate change accelerating higher salinity levels in a number of regions, water scarcity is now more of a threat than ever. The future for water availability looks very uncertain, but attempts are now being made to standardise water use measurement and raise the profile of water scarcity issues. The Copenhagen COP 15...
The New Economy of Water: The Risks and Benefits of Globalization and Privatization of Fresh Water
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Threats to the World’s Freshwater Resources
OAKLAND, CA - Ten to twenty thousand people die every day from water-related diseases; worldwide, half of all wetlands have already been lost to development and conversion. Global climate change will wreak potential havoc on the world`s freshwater. In short, across the globe, the world`s scarce fresh water is being threatened as never before. To make matters worse, the traditional methods long-used to ensure our supply of water - dams, reservoirs, and pipelines - are actually adding to our woes. The good news...
Thermal Treatment of MSW - Can we Afford Recycling at the End of the Pipe?
Incineration has clear environmental advantages over direct landfilling since it reduces the risk of pollution of water resources and prevents greenhouse gas emissions. If incinerators are equipped with metals recovery stages, they can be used as recycling processes for mineral materials and metals. Such separating incinerators may become competitive with separate collection schemes for metal recycling.
Risk Management: Sustainably Managing a Common Resource
Introduction Danfoss is a global manufacturer of hermetic compressors, pumps, valves, motors and other electrical control units. The company owns a major manufacturing facility located on a small island, Als, in the Baltic Sea. In 1983 the company was routinely withdrawing two million cubic meters of fresh water from the sole aquifer which supplies the entire island, home to 50,000 residents. This was well within the limit of three million cubic meters authorized by local officials. In 1983, Danfoss discovered...
Water Industry on the Eco Wave?
A wave of privatization is rolling through the water industry – at the environment‘s expense? In order to provide an answer to this question, the Environmental-Rating agency oekom research AG, Munich, put a number of water supply companies and manufacturers of water appliances to the environmental test. In results published today, oekom identifies the British water supplier Severn Trent as the environmental leader of the water supply group with a B grade in the overall Environmental-Rating. The Austrian water...
Quantifying and Communicating Risk from Contaminated Sites to People and the Environment: A ...
Introduction Some past, and probably some current approaches, to the use, manufacture and disposal of chemicals have led to the contamination of the ground, groundwater and surface water. If the land is to be reused (after application of a remediation technology that meets the aims of sustainability), and water resources protected in a sustainable fashion, the risk posed by the consequences of these past and current actions needs to be quantified and managed. The magnitude, severity and duration of the risk that...
Closing the Waste Loops: Australian Newsprint Mills
The manufacture of newsprint is a process which generates both solid and liquid wastes. Australian Newsprint Mills Ltd Albury has given increasing attention to waste issues in recent years and has succeeded in closing or partially closing some of the ëwaste loopsí, especially in the areas of waste paper recycling, waste water, and solid waste. Background Australian Newsprint Millsí (ANM) integrated pulp and paper mill at Albury, New South Wales, was established in 1981. The facility currently manufactures...
Water Quality Models
` In order to determine the impacts of a particular discharge on ambient water quality, it is usually necessary to model the diffusion and dispersion of the discharge in the relevant water body. The approach applies both to new discharges and to upgrading of existing sources. This note provides guidance on models that may be applicable in the context of typical Bank projects.` Introduction Mathematical models can be used to predict changes in ambient water quality due to changes in discharges of wastewater. In...
Integrated Environmental Management in a German Brewery
Case Study Name of company: Neumarkter LammsbräuSector: BreweryNumber of employees: 80Country: Germany AbstractNeumarkter Lammsbräu is an 80-employee brewery located in Bavaria, a German region which has a strong tradition for beer. At the beginning of the 1970s, agriculture in the region became increasingly intensive. The quality of beer was being sacrificed for quick and high returns on sales. Neumarkter Lammsbräu wanted to safeguard the quality of its products and develop a strategy for success. The company...
Sources of PCDDs/PCDFs In Cement Kiln Emissions
Abstract This paper presents data on the source of PCDDs/PCDFs in cement plant stack emissions, demonstrating that these emissions are not necessarily all created by the process. The data potentially demonstrates that some of the PCDDs/PCDFs in the emissions are pre-existing dioxins and furans that are vaporized out of the kiln raw feed. This calls into question the assumption that PCDD/PCDF emissions can be decreased below a certain point. The EPA has acknowledged resuspended PCDD/PCDF emissions, such as from...