Keywords: community–based management, CBM, community participation level, CPL, coordination, motivation, performance, organisational analysis, content analysis, environmental management, community projects, empowerment
Assessing community–based environmental management: coordination, motivation, and performance
Despite increasing implementation of community–based management (CBM) approach, a comprehensive organisational analysis of this approach is still lacking. Therefore, this paper aims to propose a common platform for analysing CBM, to identify how CBM is actually organised, and to discover the key success factors of CBM. Aligning to an organisational perspective, this paper analyses the coordination, motivation, and performance of CBM by means of a content analysis using 30 selected cases. Employing crosstabs function (SPSS), the authors found out that generally the communities were involved in the projects (mostly in low–level tasks) and 67% of the projects can be categorised as successful. Community participation level (CPL) and some motivational aspects (i.e., expected benefits, knowledge, and interest of conservation) are correlated to the performance of CBM. It is recommended that in the future more consideration is given toward CPL, designing appropriate incentive systems, and planning proper empowerment.