Assessment of coagulation pretreatment of leachate by response surface methodology
Coagulation-flocculation is a relatively simple technique that can be used successfully for the treatment of old leachate by poly-aluminum chloride (PAC). The main objectives of this study are to design the experiments, build models and optimize the operating parameters, dosage m and pH, using the central composite design and response surface method. Developed for chemical organic matter (COD) and turbidity responses, the quadratic polynomial model is suitable for prediction within the range of simulated variables as it showed that the optimum conditions were m of 5.55 g/L at pH 7.05, with a determination coefficient R² at 99.33%, 99.92% and adjusted R² at 98.85% and 99.86% for both COD and turbidity. We confirm that the initial pH and PAC dosage have significant effects on COD and turbidity removal. The experimental data and model predictions agreed well and the removal efficiency of COD, turbidity, Fe, Pb and Cu reached respectively 61%, 96.4%, 97.1%, 99% and 100%.