A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the water, sanitation, and hygiene status and the knowledge, attitude and practice of home-based care clients of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) regarding water, sanitation and hygiene (WSH). Interviews and observation of WSH facilities were carried out on 331 randomly selected PLWHA in Hawassa City, Southern Ethiopia. Though the latrine coverage was high, 43% use latrines not easily accessible, 31% use contaminated latrines and 73.4% of the latrines lacked hand-washing facilities. Thirty-four per cent did not have a reliable source of water and 196 (59%) of the households stored water at home for more than one day. Women were more likely to practice personal hygiene as compared to their men counterparts. Although a good level of knowledge and favourable attitudes about WSH related health problems were observed, two-thirds of the participants believed that diarrhoeal infection is not preventable. HIV/AIDS and WSH programmes need to be integrated for better intervention activities in Ethiopia.
- IWA Publishing
- Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice regarding water, ...
Legionella eliminated with no `side-effects`
Stuart Watkin BEng (Hons) MSc CEng MIHEEM, head of Engineering Compliance & Energy at North Tees & Hartlepool NHS Foundation Trust, reports on a recent six-month trial, at the Trust`s University Hospital of North Tees, of a new saline-based disinfection system for combating Legionella. The system, from Danish company, DCW, fJQ|reportedly proven highly effective in keeping the water system at the test site, the hospital`s North Wing, Legionella-free, impressing both estates and facilities/engineering...
The role of adaptation in mobile technology innovation for the water, sanitation and hygiene sector
While the growing availability of mobile phones has commanded the attention of the development community, an estimated 844 million people continue to lack access to basic drinking water and 2.3 billion to adequate sanitation. Development has now begun of mobile applications to improve access to water, sanitation and hygiene services (mWASH). To understand the barriers to innovation, nine mWASH applications were studied using the Framework for Analyzing a Multi-level Innovation System (FAMIS), a conceptual model....
Constraints on foreign aid effectiveness in the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) sector
Numerous studies have sought to empirically test the effectiveness of foreign aid as a tool for international development, with often inconsistent or contradictory results. New sources of disaggregated aid data now allow researchers to test the impact of individual sectors of aid on sector-specific outcomes. The paper investigates the effectiveness of foreign aid in the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) sector and seeks to identify constraints on WaSH aid effectiveness in recipient countries. Multilevel...
Sanitation and water supply in schools and girls' educational progression in Zambia
There is much anecdotal evidence related to the importance of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in schools for girls' educational progression, yet a lack of comprehensive quantitative studies on linkages between WASH and educational indicators disaggregated by gender and grade. This paper aims to fill that gap by testing the hypothesis that the presence of water and sanitation facilities in schools can increase female-to-male enrolment ratios and reduce repetition and drop-out-ratios for girls, especially at...
Diseases That Biological Water Treatment Can Prevent
Biological water treatment is essential because drinking contaminated water can cause illness. There are many types of contaminants, and the most common are human and animal feces, agricultural run-off, and chemicals. These contain pathogens, which cause water-borne diseases. These pathogens can quickly spread via different methods. Here are some of the most common diseases that can be eliminated by biological drinking water treatment, and classified by the type of organisms that cause them. Parasitic Diseases P...