John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Assessment of marine ecosystem services indicators: Experiences and lessons learned from 14 European case studies

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This paper shares the experiences, observations and discussions that occurred during the completing of an ecosystem services' (ES) indicator framework to be used at European Union and Member States' level. The experience base was drawn from three European research projects and 14 associated case study sites that include 13 transitional‐water bodies (specifically 8 coastal lagoons, 4 riverine estuaries and 1 fjord) and 1 coastal‐water ecosystem. The ES pertinent to each case‐study site were identified along with indicators of these ES and data sources that could be used for mapping. During the process several questions and uncertainties arose, followed by discussion, leading to the following main lessons learned: ES identification ‐ some ES that do not seem important at the European scale emerge as relevant at regional or local scales; ES indicators ‐ when direct indicators are not available proxies for indicators (indirect indicators) might be used, including combined data on monitoring requirements imposed by EU legislation and international agreements; ES mapping – requires establishment of boundaries and appropriate data spatial resolution as ES can be mapped at different temporal and spatial scales. We also acknowledge that mapping and assessment of ES supports the dialog between human well‐being and ecological status. From an evidence‐based marine planning process point of view, mapping and assessment of marine ES is of paramount importance for a sustainable use of marine natural capital and halt the loss of marine biodiversity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

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