Keywords: accident rate, convention, ratification, working conditions, social cost, standards, incorporation, hazard, fatal accidents, occupational accidents, work-related accidents, accidents at work
Assessment on the change in the occupational accident rate by means of standards incorporation: a quantitative research
Working, apart from source of life and creativity, constitutes, on a realistic basis, the most important means of survival. Occupational accidents result in the interruption of the professional activity and therefore in depression, financial loss, aberrant behaviour and, in general, have a negative effect on human life with many unpleasant consequences. The universal objective must focus on the drastic decrease in the number of occupational accidents. This article presents the results of a survey that was conducted with the help of the T-test statistical criterion, in seven member states of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and was designed to probe whether and to which extent the standards incorporation of the international organisations affect the decrease of the occupational accident rate. The research showed that the incorporating of similar standards has a positive but not a significant influence on the decrease of the number of the work-related accidents and, for this reason, further research must be conducted.