In the new competitive order, Australian electricity systems have been oriented to growth of electricity sales based on low margins and the capture of market share. Electricity is a premium fuel. The second law of thermodynamics testifies to this, as does the relationship between coal-fired electricity and the negative externality of greenhouse warming. Electricity prices should reflect its status as a premium fuel. Ease of transition in such a regime would be fostered by the taking up of options for energy efficiency and renewable sources of supply.
Keywords: carbon pricing regime, electricity pricing, energy efficiency, growth orientation, electricity use intensification, long run marginal costs, negative externality, renewable energy, Australia, sustainability, sustainable development