A city’s wastewater treatment infrastructure is part of the groundwork for the organization of an entire community. This is one of the most costly endeavors for the community and using a centralized system is often not an environmental benefit. There is conclusive evidence centralized sewer collection systems are leaking and causing treatment plant overflows during strong wet weather events. Leakage into streams and ground water are a common occurrence in many places and a significant problem in many communities across the U.S.
A study in Albuquerque, N.M., concluded leakage of wastewater from sewer pipes amounted to 10 percent of average daily wastewater flow at the treatment plant or five million gallons per day. Due to cost and these types of overflow issues, alternative ways of providing wastewater service in suburban areas are gaining increasing attention.
In many situations, a decentralized/distributed system is the better way to go. Often seen as suitable only in low-density, rural situations and then only as temporary solutions, decentralized wastewater treatment systems are not usually thought of as an option for more than one home.
However, with proper design, installation and operation, the advantages of decentralized systems are numerous. By collecting, treating Community FAST® Units with drain field In Virginia, USA Commercial FAST® Unit in steel tank in Mexico and reusing or disposing of wastewater from individual homes, buildings and/or cluster systems near the point of generation, decentralized/distributed systems can reduce the time, amount of water and energy involved with treating wastewater with a higher pollutant removal rate.