Arsenic pollution and its toxicity to aquatic organisms have attracted worldwide attention. The bioavailability and toxicity of arsenic are highly related to its speciation. The present study investigated the differences in bioaccumulation and oxidative stress responses in an aquatic organism, Daphnia magna, induced by 2 inorganic arsenic species (As(III) and As(V)). The bioaccumulation of arsenic, Na+/K+-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) content, total superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, total antioxidative capability, and malondialdehyde content in D. magna were determined after exposure to 500?µg/L of arsenite and arsenate for 48?h. The results showed that the oxidative stress and antioxidative process in D. magna exposed to arsenite and arsenate could be divided into 3 phases, which were antioxidative response, oxidation inhibition, and antioxidative recovery. In addition, differences in bioaccumulation, Na+/K+-ATPase activity, and total SOD activity were also found in D. magna exposed to As(III) and As(V). These differences might have been the result of the high affinity of As(III) with sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and the structural similarity of As(V) to phosphate. Therefore, arsenate could be taken up by organisms through phosphate transporters, could substitute for phosphate in biochemical reactions, and could lead to a change in the bioaccumulation of arsenic and activity of enzymes. These characteristics were the possible reasons for the different toxicity mechanisms in the oxidative stress process of arsenite and arsenate. Environ Toxicol Chem 2015;9999:1–7. © 2015 SETAC
- John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
- Bioaccumulation and oxidative stress in Daphnia magna exposed to ...
Removing Inorganic Contaminants with Arsenic Water Treatment
Inorganic contaminants in drinking water are more than just an annoyance. Arsenic is a naturally occurring carcinogen, which is known to lead to both cancer and heart failure. Arsenic is also a difficult contaminant to detect. Since arsenic is both odorless and colorless, testing has to be conducted in order to reliably identify it. Arsenic often appears in conjunction with iron and manganese. Manganese can cause discoloration, such as brown or black stains on clothing. In sufficient concentrations, it can also...
Extensive Solutions for Removing Arsenic from Your Drinking Water
You may not be aware that your water supply has unsafe levels of arsenic in it. If testing proves this to be the case, you must immediately find a form of arsenic water treatment to help you have access to clean drinking water again. Arsenic is a poisonous substance that has innumerable negative health effects on humans. There are several methods of performing arsenic removal from drinking water. Here are some of the most extensive solutions on the market. Oxidation Oxidation technologies, using natural air or...
Advantages of Advanced Water Treatment Solutions
Various advanced water treatment solutions are available for households as well as all types of facilities and industries. Water filtration provides users with valuable benefits that many don’t realize yet. Here are some of the advantages of water treatment solutions like an arsenic treatment system. Improved Water Quality A good arsenic filtration system significantly improves the quality of the water that you drink. Arsenic is one of the most common toxic substances found in groundwater. People ingest...
How to Treat Water and Remove Arsenic
Arsenic is a naturally occurring element from the earth’s crust. Around the world, many countries have groundwater that is steeped in arsenic. Until recently, governments haven’t realized just how bad arsenic was for people, even in minute concentrations. In 2001, the US Environmental Protection Agency felt it necessary to lower the drinking water arsenic standard from 50 parts per billion to 10 parts per billion (ppb) after scientists presented evidence that low levels still correlated with cancer...
How to Deal with Arsenic in Drinking Water
Thanks to recent developments in technology, daily drinking water undergoes a rigorous treatment process for water to be consumable. This is because most ground and natural river waters have a chemical in them called arsenic. Arsenic is a metallic chemical element that is found commonly among rocks and sulfur in the Earth’s crust. Arsenic is known for getting into your drinking water from natural deposits or runoff due to agricultural, mining, and industrial activities. If you own a water well or live by a...