Biochemical characteristic along UBAF in a one-stage autotrophic nitrogen removal reactor
The Up-flow biological aerated filter (UBAF) based on a one-stage autotrophic nitrogen removal process has been widely investigated nowadays. In this work, the biochemical characteristic along the volcanic-filled UBAF reactor had been studied. The results indicate that short-rod, spherical and elliptical (averaged 0.2–1.0 μm) microorganisms with a specific irregular cauliflower profile existed in the system. Species identification showed Nitrosococcus- and Nitrosomonas-related aerobic ammonium-oxidizing bacteria (AerAOB) and Candidatus Kuenenia stuttgartiensis-like anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing bacteria (AnAOB) were the predominant functional bacteria that mixed with each other and showed no distinct niche in the system. However, the bioactivity of functional microorganisms displayed differently at different filter layers, with a better pollutant-removal activity in the lower parts than in the upper parts of the UBAF. In the lower parts, compact and small zooglea formed, whereas it trended to be larger and looser along the filter. Moreover, there was better biodiversity of AerAOB in the lower part, while AnAOB showed stable and low biodiversity along the filter.
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