In the present study ethanol and water extracts of 15 seaweeds, Dictyota dichotoma var. velutricata, Dictyota indica, Iyengaria stellata, Padina pavonia, Sargassum swartzii, Sargassum variegatum, Stoechospermum marginatum, Stokeyia indica, Jolyna laminarioides, Caulerpa taxifolia, Halimeda tuna, Ulva fasciata, Ulva lactuca, Solieria robusta, and Melanothamnus afaqhusainii, were evaluated for their antioxidant potential by ABTS or 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid), superoxide and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) assays. The activity was concentration dependent and the variation in antioxidant potential was also observed by different assays in both extracts. Ethanol extract of D. dichotoma var. velutricata, D. indica and S. marginatum demonstrated highest activity by TAC assay. The antioxidant potential in organic solvent fractions of seaweeds namely P. pavonia, S. swartzii, S. marginatum and M. afaqhusainii was also determined and chloroform fraction of all the four seaweeds showed highest activity by superoxide assay. Antioxidant activity of extracted fractions of polysaccharides from S. indica, C. taxifolia and D. dichotoma var. velutricata was also evaluated by superoxide method. Polysaccharide fractions of S. indica obtained from HCl (at 700C and room temperature) and water extract demonstrated highest activity respectively. All the polysaccharide fractions of C. taxifolia showed excellent activity except CaClF70°C. Polysaccharide fractions of D. dichotoma var. velutricata also exhibited very good activity.
Heavy metal tolerance and removal potential in mixed-species biofilm
The aim of the study was to examine heavy metal tolerance (Cd2+, Zn2+, Ni2+ and Cu2+) of single- and mixed-species biofilms (Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and Escherichia coli) and to determine metal removal efficiency (Cd2+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Pb2+ and Hg2+). Metal tolerance was quantified by crystal violet assay and results were confirmed by fluorescence microscopy. Metal removal efficiency was determined by batch biosorption assay. The tolerance of the mixed-species biofilm was higher than the single-species biofilms....
Robust on-line monitoring assay - Case Study
Alkaline Phosphatase Enzyme Activity Measurement as a Robust on-line Monitoring Assay for Water Quality Assessment. Zina Al-Saar 4th year Intern student Avans University of Applied Science - ATGM Department Joep Appels - Supervisor and Managing Director microLAN on line Bio-monitoring System. Many heterotrophic microorganisms maintain their growth by producing enzymes in order to provide low molecular weight inorganic compounds. These compounds could be up taken into the cells from high molecular weight...
Nutrient recovery from airplane wastewater: composition, treatment and ecotoxicological assay
For the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games, Brazil has expanded its airport infrastructure. This will lead to an increase in wastewater generation from aircrafts. This wastewater is traditionally taken from the aircrafts and disposed in the public sewage collection system. However, this residual water may have a different composition than the usual sanitary sewage. Therefore, it is important to study an alternative to treat this kind of wastewater. Thus, the objective of this study was to characterize and...
Effects of drinking desalinated seawater on cell viability and proliferation
Desalination of seawater is becoming an important means to address the increasing scarcity of freshwater resources in the world. Seawater has been used as drinking water in the health, food, and medical fields and various beneficial effects have been suggested, although not confirmed. Given the presence of 63 minerals and trace elements in drinking desalinated seawater (63 DSW), we evaluated their effects on the behavior of tumorigenic and nontumorigenic cells through the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl...
Online Total Bacteria Monitor compared with ATP and flow cytometry - Case Study
Alkaline Phosphatase Enzyme Activity Measurement as a Robust on-line Monitoring Assay for Water Quality Assessment. Micro organisms maintain their growth by producing enzymes in order to provide low molecular weight inorganic compounds. These compounds could be taken up into the cells from high molecular weight organic compounds which cannot be directly utilized by bacteria. Microbial enzymes are, therefore, directly related to the concentrations and ratios of limiting nutrients, and may be sensitive indicators...