Keywords: biomarkers, biotechnology, ecotoxicology
Biological effects of contaminants on marine organisms: the contribution of biotechnology
One aspect of ecotoxicology concerns the effects of contaminants. Work on this area in the marine field is recent but useful for numerous applications, such as toxicological tests, the evaluation of organism response and the development of networks for the measurement of pollutant effects. In this context, the contribution of biotechnologies and technical advances in modern biology is important. This paper describes recent developments for biological organisms concerning toxicological tests, biomarkers of pollutant effects and more fundamental aspects relating to genomic alterations.