Bioremediation of 1,2-dichloroethane with INTEROX® case study
Courtesy of Solvay
At a chemica plant in a harbour area, the surface aquifer was contaminated with 1,2-dichoroethane (1,2-DCEa) which had to be remediated.
Site characterisation, and laboratory tests demonstrated that oxygen was the limiting factor for the insitu biodegradation of 1,2-DCEa.
The remedial strategy was based on flushing with simuftaneous aerobic biodegradation enhancement. Biodegradation was stimuated by injecting water with a diluted hydrogen peroxide soution (50 — SOOppm) as an oxygen source, and nutrients (N, P). Full scale operation enabled the remedial objective to be reached within 3 years.
Enhanced Bioremediation of High Contaminant Concentrations in Source Residual Area (PDF)
Although enhanced bioremediation has proven to be effective at many sites, typically it has been applied to relatively low contaminant concentrations and in relatively permeable media. The project site described herein is an application that potentially extends the practical limits of in situ bioremediation applications. An active eyewear manufacturing facility located in Western NY was found to be contaminated with 1,1,1-Trichloroethane (TCA) with groundwater concentrations as high as 400-500 mg/l in the source...
Halogenated Volatile Organic Compounds
Sites where halogenated VOCs may be found include burn pits, chemical manufacturing plants or disposal areas, contaminated marine sediments, disposal wells and leach fields, electroplating/metal finishing shops, firefighting training areas, hangars/aircraft maintenance areas, landfills and burial pits, leaking collection and system sanitary lines, leaking storage tanks, radioactive/mixed waste disposal areas, oxidation ponds/lagoons, paint stripping and spray booth areas, pesticide/herbicide mixing areas, solvent...
In Situ Physical/Chemical Treatment for Ground Water and Leachate
The main advantage of in situ treatments is that they allow ground water to be treated without being brought to the surface, resulting in significant cost savings. In situ processes, however, generally require longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is more difficult to verify. Physical/chemical treatment uses the physical properties of the contaminants or the contaminated...
Properties and Behavior of Nonhalogenated VOC`s
An important consideration when evaluating a remedy is whether the compound is nonhalogenated or halogenated. A nonhalogenated compound is one which does not have a halogen (e.g., fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine) attached to it. The vendor of the technology being evaluated must be informed whether the compounds to be treated are nonhalogenated or halogenated. In most instances, the vendor needs to know the specific compounds involved so that modifications to technology designs can be made, where appropriate...
Properties and Behavior of Halogenated VOCs
An important consideration when evaluating a remedy is whether the compound is halogenated or nonhalogenated. A halogenated compound is one onto which a halogen (e.g., fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine) has been attached. The nature of the halogen bond and the halogen itself can significantly affect performance of a technology or require more extensive treatment than for nonhalogenated compounds. As an example, consider bioremediation. Generally, halogenated compounds are less amenable to bioremediate than...
Properties and Behavior of Fuels
Fuel contaminants are generally nonhalogenated. Information presented for nonhalogenated VOCs and nonhalogenated SVOCs may also be appropriate for many of the fuel contaminants presented in this subsection. Contamination by fuel contaminants in the unsaturated zone exists in four phases: vapor in the pore spaces; sorbed to subsurface solids; dissolved in water; or as NAPL. The nature and extent of transport are determined by the interactions among contaminant transport properties (e.g., density, vapor pressure,...
Electrokinetics - Technology Overview
Electrokinetics separates and extracts contaminants from saturated or unsaturated soils, sludges and sediments, and groundwater. The goal of electrokinetic remediation is to effect the migration of subsurface contaminants in an imposed electric field via electroosmosis, electromigration and/or electrophoresis. These phenomena occur when the soil is electrically charged with a low voltage current. The fundamental configuration for all three processes involves the application of an electrical potential between...
Common Treatment Technologies for Fuels in Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate
It may be necessary to know other subsurface information to remediate fuels in ground water. Treatability testing to characterize contaminant biodegradability and nutrient content may be needed for any biodegradation technology. A subsurface geologic characterization would be particularly important to characterize the migration of NAPLs. Recovery tests are usually necessary to design a product/ground water pumping scheme that will ensure that the nonaqueous fuel layer can be recovered and that contaminated ground...
Common Treatment Technologies for Inorganics in Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate
It may be necessary to know other subsurface information to remediate inorganics in ground water, surface water, and leachate. Treatability studies are usually necessary to ensure that the contaminated ground water can be treated effectively at the design flow. A subsurface geologic characterization would be particularly important to characterize the effects of adsorption and other processes of attenuation. Ground water models are also often needed to predict flow characteristics, changes in contaminant mixes and...
In Situ Biological Treatment for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate
The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows ground water to be treated without being brought to the surface, resulting in significant cost savings. In situ treatment, however, generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is more difficult to verify. Bioremediation techniques are destruction techniques directed toward stimulating the microorganisms to...
Thermal Treatment Technologies
Hot gas decontamination: Hot gas decontamination is a technology still in the pilot-scale of development that can be used for decontamination of explosives-contaminated masonry or metallic structures. The method involves sealing and insulating the structures, heating with hot gas stream to 260 °C (500 °F) for a prescribed period of time, volatilizing the explosive contaminants, and destroying them in an afterburner. Operating conditions are site-specific. Contaminants are completely destroyed. Incineration:...
Introduction Bioventing is a promising new technology that stimulates the natural in situ biodegradation of any aerobically degradable compounds in soil by providing oxygen to existing soil microorganisms. In contrast to soil vapor vacuum extraction, bioventing uses low air flow rates to provide only enough oxygen to sustain microbial activity. Oxygen is most commonly supplied through direct air injection into residual contamination in soil. In addition to degradation of adsorbed fuel residuals, volatile compounds...
Horizontal Wells - Technology Overview
Horizontal well technology has been incorporated into many current environmental remediation applications (and associated contaminants), such as in situ bioremediation, air sparging, vacuum extraction, soil flushing, free product recovery, etc. Ac cording to information reviewed, this technology is most applicable to sites with relatively shallow soil and/or groundwater contamination, and can potentially enhance remediation efforts at sites low hydraulic conductivities. Types of horizontal wells include both...