Keywords: biosorption, citrate buffer, copper, EDAX, electron microscope, Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Biosorption of copper(II) by Pseudomonas aeruginosa
The mechanism of accumulation of copper(II) by Pseudomonas aeruginosa was investigated. Uptake consisted of a rapid process (likely to be extracellular binding) followed by a slow phase (possibly cellular uptake). The sorption capacity of the microbe was found to be 50 mg/g, and sorption followed the Langmuir isotherm. The presence of mild mineral acids (0.1 N HCl) led to destructive desorption of 95% of sorbed metal, whereas citrate buffer (pH 4) desorbed 80% of the accumulated metal ions non-destructively. Spectroscopic and microscopic studies indicated the accumulation of metal inside the cell, though the maximum uptake was by the cell wall.