Smoke testing is a common diagnostic tool used to locate sources of inflow and infiltration in a sewer system. Smoke testing has been around for many years, but little information is available to help municipalities understand what to expect during such testing. How do I plan for such a project? What can I expect to find? How do I handle public relations? This paper presents a case study that evaluates and expands upon these issues based on facts, figures, and lessons learned from 1,000,000+ ft of smoke testing recently completed in Huntsville, Alabama. The results provide guidance for sewer managers and engineers to better understand what to expect during smoke testing and suggestions to better educate the public and other City departments.
- Water Environment Federation (WEF)
- BLOWING SMOKE Facts, Figures, and Other Useful Tips for ...
Sewer Lift Station - Case Study
Client:The City of Phoenix Facility:A sewer Lift Station (LS)located directly adjacent to a residence.(LS 48) Problem: The impact of facility safety and maintenance were main concerns. Decision: The client choseto replace a chemical scrubber with a BOHN BIOFILTERsystem. Outcome: The facility now exceeds the Maricopa County air quality requirement of 0.030 ppb H2S at the property boundary.
Modeling fats, oil and grease deposit formation and accumulation in sewer collection systems
Fats, oil and grease (FOG) deposits in sewer systems are responsible for approximately 25% of all annual line blockages in the United States and lead to the release of 3–10 million gallons of untreated wastewater to the surrounding environment. Considerable effort has been made to maintain the conveyance of wastewater by cleaning pipes that have a significant FOG deposit accumulation. Changes in the urban landscape from the addition or deletion of food service establishments (FSEs), however, may pose challenges...
Field campaign on sediment transport behaviour in a pressure main from pumping station to ...
As part of the project KURAS, the Berliner Wasserbetriebe realized a field campaign in 2015 in order to increase the process knowledge regarding the behaviour of transported sediment in the pressure main leading from the pumpstation to the wastewater treatment plant. The field campaign was conducted because of a lack of knowledge about the general condition of the pressure main due to its bad accessibility and the suspicion of deposits caused by hydraulic underload. The practical evidence of the sediment transport...
Sulfide emissions in sewer networks: focus on liquid to gas mass transfer coefficient
H2S emission dynamics in sewers are conditioned by the mass transfer coefficient at the interface. This work aims at measuring the variation of the mass transfer coefficient with the hydraulic characteristics, with the objective of estimating H2S emission in gravity pipes, and collecting data to establish models independent of the system geometry. The ratio between the H2S and O2 mass transfer coefficient was assessed in an 8 L mixed reactor under different experimental conditions. Then, oxygen mass transfer...
Different erosion characteristics of sediment deposits in combined and storm sewers
To investigate the different erosion patterns of sediments in combined and storm sewers, sediments from three separate sewer systems and two combined sewer systems in urban Shanghai were collected for the flushing experiments. These experiments were conducted with different consolidation periods and shear velocities. As the consolidation period increases, dissolved oxygen exhibits a positive effect on the microbial transformations of organic substrates. Potential structural changes and separations of the surface...