Keywords: transmissible spongiform encephalopathy, bovine spongiform encephalopathy, BSE, variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, vCJD, China, risk management, mad cow disease, variant CJD, food safety
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease risk management strategies in the People's Republic of China
During the late 1970s, the People's Republic of China (PRC) launched a series of far-reaching economic reforms in rural areas of the country in order to develop a market economy; after three decades, these nationwide reforms have achieved enormous success. The country witnessed phenomenal growth in its economic development and became the second largest exporter in the world by 2005. With the growing economy, food safety in the PRC has become both an important domestic and international issue. To date, China has witnessed no domestic cases of either bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), the human version of BSE. However, recent outbreaks of food poisoning from contaminated pork and chicken have prompted the government to promulgate additional measures designed to enhance food safety, including various BSE preventive measures. China established a national CJD surveillance program in year 2002, and participates in an international CJD surveillance network.