Keywords: information technology, communications, ICT, interdependent infrastructure systems, science and technology, S&, T, ministries, ICT-bundled infrastructure, India, Japan, South Africa, Iceland, infrastructure sharing policies, critical infrastructures, information infrastructures, Africa, science policy, innovation policy, planning, coordination, technological capacity building
Bundling critical information infrastructure in Africa: implications for science and innovation policy
Much of the science and technology policy discussion in Africa has tended to follow the classical linear model which is associated with sectoral S&T ministries and not particularly suited to the needs of African countries. An alternative approach that starts with the use of existing technologies in infrastructure development would be more suitable. With information technology as an entry point, developing countries can design and deploy interdependent infrastructure systems that potentially lower investment costs and improve the performance of critical infrastructures. However, this requires new mechanisms for planning and coordination as well as institutions for associated technological capacity-building.