We argue that 'business continuity' is primarily a social rather than an economic process. By examining the actual behaviour of both managers and employees in work organisations during a crisis, we were able to better predict the organisation's preparedness and ability to cope with disasters. This argument is based on evidence from a study completed during the 2006 Katyusha rocket bombardment of northern Israel and included 13 work organisations. The results point out that organisational response to a disaster includes a process of adaptation to new and changing conditions. On the one hand, the organisations' managers react according to their values, culture and past experience. The day-to-day operations, however, are maintained as employees adapt their own behaviour to the changing demands of the situation. The analysis further showed that although plans, drills and emergency guidance are important to determine the desirable performance behaviours during the emergency, it was employees' adaptive behaviours that contributed to maintaining business operations. These adaptive work behaviours depended on a series of socially related predictors such as their past experience, family and community attitudes and social networks at the workplace. Overall, the evidence demonstrates that successful business continuity is best predicted by a series of social processes and depends primarily among employees' ability to adapt to dynamic emergency situations.
The Basics of Slope Stability Analysis for Geosynthetics
Slope stability analysis is vital to preventing slope failures in a variety of engineering applications including landfill design, roads, dams and embankments, to name a few. Proper analysis anticipates both natural and manmade slopes and failure of foundations and retaining walls. This blog covers the necessity of slope stability analysis, how to conduct the analysis and the role of geosynthetics in slope stability. Slope Stability Meets Four Key Objectives The geometry of the slope, incorporated materials,...
Efficient removal of Indigo Carmine dye by a separation process
This study is aimed at developing an innovative approach for Indigo Carmine dye removal from synthetic solutions by electrodialysis, carried out using ion exchange membranes. The batch electrodialysis system was operated at various current intensities: 0.05, 0.1 and 0.15 A. The pH and conductivity of solutions were measured before and after using electrodialysis process. The colour removal efficiency (CR %) was determined by spectrographic analysis and the energy consumption (EC) was calculated. The obtained...
Ukraine Garlic Market Analysis
Ukraine has the potential and chance to be a worldwide supplier of garlic, especially for the European market. And the markets need not only fresh garlic, but also some value added products made from garlic. So it has another kind of potential and chance for the country to establish garlic processing industries and plants to extend the garlic export business. Products based on garlic include garlic paste, fried garlic slices, dried garlic flakes, garlic powder, garlic oil, etc. They can be used for food as well...
Innovation in Offshore Separation Process
CLOV is a deep-sea oil production project offshore Angola. Sulzer helped to lower the cost of the floating production, storage, and offloading (FPSO) ship. There, Sulzer’s patented distributor technology and state-of-the-art pumps are brought to life by Total’s innovative wash tank process. This combination achieves significant cost savings on the FPSO design. With a processing capacity of 160 000 barrels per day of oil and 230 million cubic feet per day of natural gas, CLOV is one of the...
Accepted Inspection Methods of Process Sewers.
During the process of refining there is discharge of hazardous waste, this coupled with aging pipeline infrastructure creates apotential where waste can leakinto the environment posing catastrophic threats to life. Federal agencies such as the EPA are beginning to penalizerefineries that do not take necessary measures of disposing their waste. These refineries are subject to consent decrees resulting inmillions of dollars beingspent to identify locations of leaks or improper disposal. When inspecting buried...