Case C-320/03 Commission v Austria was an enforcement action whereby the Republic of Austria was found to have failed to fulfil its obligations under European Community law to permit the free movement of goods. Austrian authorities in the Tyrol had introduced a regulation which limited transport in the Inn valley in response to recorded rises in levels of pollutants, most notably nitrogen dioxides (NOx), with a view to improving air quality so as to ensure the protection of human, animal and plant health. The Court of Justice concluded that the Tyrolean measure breached Articles 28 and 29 EC in an action brought by the Commission seeking to enforce Community law on the free movement of goods and the freedom to provide transport services.
The Chemical Aspect of NOx Scrubbing
With the passage of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, many chemical and metal industries and utility producers will now be required to further limit the amount of NOx (Nitrogen Oxides) produced. NOx is a precursor to ozone in the atmosphere, and is believed to be a major contributor to acidic deposition (acid rain). Formation of ozone: NOx is produced in a variety of different processes, including combustion equipment, gas turbines, incinerators, kilns and power plants. NOx also is emitted as by product from...
Why measuring the ambient NO2 without conversion?
Nitrogen oxides NOx are pollutants that may have particular impact in terms of greenhouse gases, acidifying air etc ... issuance increased significantly since 1950 with the massive development of transport and industries. It therefore becomes necessary to provide measures always safer these pollutant gases, and to know the reliability of results. Currently, 60% of emissions of NO and NO2 are mostly dominated by traffic emissions. NO is an unregulated pollutant because it is considered much less toxic than its...
`Major Stationary Sources - What’s New, What’s Changing and What to Do About It,` presented at the ...
Clean Air Mercury Rule(CAMR) Session Objectives Background on CAMR Rule NSPS & Cap-and-Trade Program Monitoring and Controlling HgEmissions Pennsylvania’s Proposed Hg Rule Clean Air Rules Clean Air Nonroad Diesel Rule Clean Air Ozone Rules 8-hour ozone Clean Air Fine Particulate Rules 8-hour PM2.5 Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Market-Based, Cap & Trade Program for SO2and NOx in Eastern U.S.
Research NOx Analyzers
ECO PHYSICS provides environmental experts with exceptionally sensitive and precise NOx measurement instruments. Please take a look at our newest press release on our research NOx analyzers below. Bound by the same laws of nature, ecology and physics are close associates in an on-going battle to preserve air quality around the globe. One of our planet`s champions is Swiss-based ECO PHYSICS. The company develops, manufactures and distributes sophisticated analyzers for NO, NO2, and NOx, an important contributor...
Return of the clean air interstate rule—The court does CAIR
In summer 2008, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit issued a dramatic decision to vacate the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) in its entirety (North Carolina v. EPA, No. 05-1244, D.C. Cir., July 11, 2008). Following a petition for rehearing, it seems the previous vacatur was just a temporary detour, as the Court reinstated CAIR on December 22, 2008. The reinstatement appears to turn back the clock six months and revive CAIR’s role in helping states plan to address more stringent attainment...