Ceramic membrane ultrafiltration of natural surface water with ultrasound enhanced backwashing

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Courtesy of IWA Publishing

Ultrafiltration membrane cleaning with ultrasound enhanced backwashing was investigated with two ceramic membrane systems in parallel. One of them was subjected to ultrasound during backwashing, the other acted as a reference system. The feed water was directly taken from a creek with a sedimentation process as only pre-treatment. The cleaning performance was improved with ultrasound but after 3 weeks of operation damages occurred on the membranes. These effects were studied with online measurements of flux, trans-membrane-pressure and temperature, but also with integrity tests, turbidity measurements and visual examination.

Keywords: ceramic membrane, drinking water treatment, fouling, membrane filtration, ultrafiltration, ultrasound

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