Inderscience Publishers

Chemical kinetics parameters of nuclear graphite gasification

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This paper provides chemical kinetics parameters for the gasification of nuclear graphite grades of IG–110, IG–430, NBG–18 and NBG–25 and presents empirical correlations for their surface areas of free active sites as a function of mass. The kinetics parameters for the four elementary chemical reactions of gasification of these grades of nuclear graphite include the values and Gaussian distributions of the specific activation energies and the values of the pre–exponential rate coefficients for the adsorption of oxygen and desorption of CO and CO2gases. The values of these parameters and the surface area of free active sites for IG–110 and NB–25, with fine and medium petroleum coke filler particles, are nearly the same, but slightly different from those of NBG–18 and IG–430, with medium and fine coal tar pitch coke filler particles. Recommended parameters are applicable to future safety analysis of high and very high temperature gas cooled reactors in the unlikely event of a massive air ingress accident.

Keywords: nuclear graphite gasification, chemical reaction kinetics, high temperature nuclear reactors, very high temperature nuclear reactors, air ingress accidents, safety analysis, nuclear safety, nuclear energy, nuclear power, nuclear accidents, gas cooled reactors

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