IC Controls Ltd.

Chlorine Theory & Measurement


Courtesy of IC Controls Ltd.

Chlorine, dissolved in liquid is one of the most effective and economical semi-killers for the treatment of water to make it potable or safe to drink. Chlorine's powerful disinfectant qualities come from its ability to bond with and destroy the outer surfaces of bacteria and viruses. Drinking water chlorination is one of the most widely used methods to safeguard chinking water supplies. In addition to water disinfection, chlorine and its derivatives are used to treat sewage and industrial effluent- and as household and industrial bleaches (eg., to control biological agent growth in water filled industrial systems) to maintain and improve hygiene standards.

What is chlorine?
Cliloiiiie (CI) is among the most abundant of nature's elements, and combines with other elements to sustain life and the natural processes that make up our environment. Chlorine is found in the Earth and. in the oceans. Chlorine is highly reactive and. as such, is typically found in nature bonded to other elements like sodium, potassium, and magnesium. When isolated as a free element, chlorine is a greenish yellow gas. which is 2.5 times heavier than air. It turns to a liquid state at -34°C (-29°F). and it becomes a yellowish crystalline solid at -103°C (-153°F).

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