Keywords: metal radioactive waste, decontamination, melting, nuclear waste recycling, nuclear waste reprocessing, nuclear power, nuclear energy, nuclear technology, nuclear science, Russian Federation, radiation safety, nuclear safety
CJSC ECOMET-S facility for reprocessing and utilisation of radioactive metal waste: operating experience
The principal objective of the paper is to present operating experience in management of radioactive metal waste, originating at nuclear power facilities of the Russian Federation. Issues of radioactive metal waste recycling by melting, with the purpose of unrestricted re-use in industry, or restricted re-use within the nuclear industry, have been considered. The necessity for using a method of melting at the final stage of radioactive metal waste recycling has been proved. Priority measures to be taken and results achieved in the implementation of the Governmental purpose-oriented programme 'Radioactive Metal Waste Reprocessing and Utilization' have been considered, the CJSC ECOMET-S being the main contractor on the Programme. Main specifications and results of operating a commercial melting facility, owned by CJSC 'ECOMET-S' and used to recycle low-level radioactive metal waste originated at the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant, have been presented.