European Environment Agency (EEA)

Climate and energy country profiles – Key facts and figures for EEA member countries


Courtesy of Courtesy of European Environment Agency (EEA)

Definitions and sources

Data on greenhouse gas emissions

Total GHG emissions (UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol)

1990-to-2011 GHG emissions: total emissions as reported in 2013 national inventories under the UNFCCC, excluding net effects of land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) and excluding emissions from international aviation and maritime transport. This scope is consistent with the Kyoto Protocol.

2012 GHG emissions: approximated inventory of 2012 GHG emissions as reported by 18 Member States (5) and complemented by EEA6.

Source: EEA greenhouse gas data viewer (

GHG per capita

Ratio between total GHG emissions (see above) and national population on 1 January.

Source for population: Eurostat, 2013, last update 17.07.13. ( accessed 24.08.13.


Ratio between total GHG emissions (see above) and EEA's estimate of gross domestic product (GDP) at 2005 market prices (in billion EUR). The estimate of GDP chain-linked volumes by reference year 2005 is based on GDP data at current market prices (in billion EUR) and GDP at 2005 market prices in national currency (in annual percentage change). 1990 GDP not available for Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovenia; 1990–1991 GDP data not available for Bulgaria, Germany, Hungary and Malta; 1990–1992 GDP data not available for Slovakia; 1990–1993 GDP data not available for Estonia; 1990–1995 GDP data not available for Croatia.

Source: Annual macro-economic (Ameco) database of the European Commission, 2013 (; EEA.

EU ETS verified emissions

Verified emissions of stationary installations covered by the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). Emissions from aviation (which entered the ETS in 2012) are not included.

Source: EEA EU ETS data viewer, 2013 (, based on the EU transaction log (EUTL) and additional information on allowance sales and auctions at national level.

EU ETS verified emissions vs. allowances

The data on allowances includes freely allocated allowances, sold and auctioned allowances.

Source: EEA EU ETS data viewer (

GHG projections

GHG projection data until 2020 in two separate scenarios: 'with existing measures' (WEM), which considers the implementation of existing (already implemented) measures only, and 'with additional measures' (WAM), which considers in addition the implementation of additional (at planning stage) measures.

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