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Climate Change Mitigation and Water


Courtesy of IWA Publishing

Both natural and anthropogenic processes contribute significantly to climate change. Among the natural processes are changes in the energy emitted from the sun, the distance between the sun and the earth, and eruptions from volcanoes. The main anthropogenic processes include emissions of greenhouse gasses such as methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and carbon dioxide (CO2) (Solomon et al, 2007). Greenhouse gasses will in general result in increased global average temperatures near the surface of the earth. Reduction of emissions of greenhouse gasses is generally referred to as mitigation of climate change.

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