Inderscience Publishers

CO2 emission from cement manufacturing and its driving forces in China

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In China, cement manufacturing has contributed 1788.78 million metric tons of CO2 (carbon equivalent) into atmosphere in the past 35 years (1969-2003). Its driving forces were analysed by a stochastic regression model (STIRPAT), which showed that population was a key driving force and its pressure was higher than the global average level. On the other hand, economic growth had less impact, but a doubling in economic growth might result in nearly doubling in CO2 emissions. In three STIRPAT models, evidence for the existence of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) was found, with a turning point well beyond the present value.

Keywords: carbon emissions, carbon dioxide, cement industry, environmental Kuznets curve, EKC, STIRPAT, China, environmental pollution, stochastic regression modelling, air pollution

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