Keywords: carbon emissions, carbon dioxide, cement industry, environmental Kuznets curve, EKC, STIRPAT, China, environmental pollution, stochastic regression modelling, air pollution
CO2 emission from cement manufacturing and its driving forces in China
In China, cement manufacturing has contributed 1788.78 million metric tons of CO2 (carbon equivalent) into atmosphere in the past 35 years (1969-2003). Its driving forces were analysed by a stochastic regression model (STIRPAT), which showed that population was a key driving force and its pressure was higher than the global average level. On the other hand, economic growth had less impact, but a doubling in economic growth might result in nearly doubling in CO2 emissions. In three STIRPAT models, evidence for the existence of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) was found, with a turning point well beyond the present value.