The European Environment Agency (EEA) supports the European Commission in the monitoring of the CO2 performance of passenger cars, in accordance with Regulation (EC) 443/2009. This regulation sets a CO2 'specific emission' (1) target of 130 g CO2/km by 2015, defined as the average value for each manufacturer's fleet of newly registered passenger cars in the EU in that year (2). The 2015 target is being phased in gradually from 2012. Starting from this year, a specific binding CO2 target has been calculated for each manufacturer based on the average mass of its fleet (Annex 1).
A long-term target of 95 g CO2/km has been set for 2020. The modalities for compliance with that target will be determined by the legislators in the on-going review of the regulation.
In order to evaluate the progress of manufacturers towards their targets, the EEA has collected and quality-checked data on CO2 emissions from passenger cars registered in all Member States of the European Union (3) since 2010. Using the Member State data, as verified by manufacturers (4), this note provides an overview of the performance of car manufacturers in meeting their CO2 emission targets.
The main findings are:
- the average specific emissions of the new European fleet in 2012 is 132.2 g CO2/km, a reduction of 2.6 % compared to 2011;
- the difference between preliminary average specific emissions (the emissions data reported by each of the Member States) and final average specific emissions data (the emissions data after any corrections made by the manufacturers — see footnote 4) is negligible (< 0.01 g CO2/km);
- the average mass of the fleet is 1 402 kg, the heaviest observed in the last three years;
- data collected reveal that in 2012 the majority of the car manufacturers respect their CO2 emission targets set for 2012.