Inderscience Publishers

Collective entrepreneurship and collective strategies: the case of tourism in France

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The purpose of this paper is to explore the emergence and management of collective strategies between SMEs in the French tourism sector. The authors study how collective entrepreneurship appears in a territory, and how the implemented collective strategies evolve through time. This research is based on four cases studies. This research shows that these clusters can emerge according to two processes: collective entrepreneurship or institutional incitation, each one implying different coordination patterns. Moreover, it appears that these two management modes vary over time. So, three potential configurations may emerge: 'stagnation', 'institutionalization', or 'dis-institutionalisation'.

Keywords: SMEs, small and medium-sized enterprises, collective entrepreneurship, collective strategies, clusters, coordination, French tourism, France, coordination

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