Indonesia is a country of multiple disasters. There are around 13 types of disaster that could occur at any time. More than 200 million of Indonesia’s inhabitants are exposed to the possibility of tsunami, with around 5 million living in tsunami-prone areas. Moreover, being located in the “Ring of Fire”, Indonesia also possesses about 400 volcanoes of which 100 are still active. Other hazards arise from environmental destruction and over-exploitation of natural resources, which trigger a range of disasters. Despite this reality, many of the country’s inhabitants are still unprepared to cope with disaster.
Currently, the frequency of disasters has been increasing along with the effects of climate change, like drought, floods, abrasion, etc. Consequently, it is vital that people learn about disaster so as to mitigate its impact. Because of Indonesia’s vast geographical area, the key to dealing with disaster lies in preparedness and mitigation. Wetlands International–Indonesia Programme (WIIP) is currently in the midst of efforts directed towards disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change in several parts of Indonesia through Partners for Resilience (PfR) activities. These areas include Kelurahan Sawah Luhur-Kota Serang, 2 villages in Kecamatan Magepanda-Kabupaten Sikka (Desa Reroroja and Desa Done), 3 villages in Kecamatan Talibura-Kabupaten Sikka (Desa Talibura, Desa Nangahale, and Desa Darat Pantai), and 2 villages in Kecamatan Kotabaru-Kabupaten Ende (Desa Kotabaru and Desa Tou Timur). All these PfR activities will continue until 2015, with several main objectives including to (1) Improve and build the community’s capacity to face disaster risk and climate change, (2) Improve and strengthen institutions at various levels and local NGOs, and (3) Undertake advocacy on environmental management activities related to disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change so that they will be included in and become regional management plans. All of the abovementioned objectives will lead towards creatinga community with solid human resources and livelihoods.
Assessment is an element of the PfR activities at these sites, its purpose being to evaluate the effectiveness and development of the activities there. The entire analysis is contained in the report “Community Vulnerability and Capacity Assessmentin the Context of Disaster Risk Reduction”. This report is a living document which will continue to develop while the PfR activities continue. Even though the Assessment was performed in 2012, the information presented will continue to develop along with the development of field activity until the end of the project.