The photochemistry of para-chlorophenol (4-CP) was studied under simulated sunlight (λ > 300 nm) and UV irradiation by using a 125 W high-pressure mercury lamp with or without a hard glass as light source in an ice matrix. The experiments were carried out in a photochemical cold chamber reactor at −14 to −12 °C. The photoconversion rate, photoproducts and photoconversion mechanism of 4-CP were all inspected and compared. The results show that the 4-CP photoconversion obeys the first order kinetic model and its photoconversion rate is highly affected by the initial concentration of 4-CP, light intensity and water quality. It is found that the conversion rate of 4-CP under UV irradiation is higher than that under simulated sunlight irradiation. The intermediate products of 4-CP were characterized by GC-MS, HPLC-ESI-MS and HPLC techniques and the possible photoconversion mechanism was proposed accordingly. It is concluded that the mechanism and photoproducts of 4-CP photolysis in ice are different from those in water, and the photoproducts and photoconversion pathways of 4-CP in ice varied with different light sources.
Keywords: ice, para-chlorophenol, photoconversion, photodegradation mechanism