Setting a safety standard
Under Section 501, a safety standard would be established that “provides a reasonable certainty that no harm” will be caused by aggregate exposure of a fetus, infant, child, worker or member of other sensitive subgroup to a chemical. In the case of a fetus, infant or child, the standard would account for their potential vulnerability by applying an additional 10-fold safety factor.
Section 502 would require manufacturers of any chemical substance distributed in commerce to certify that the substance meets the safety standard or that insufficient data exist to determine whether the chemical meets the standard; and submit to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) all reasonably available information on the substance’s physical, chemical and toxicological properties that hasn’t previously been submitted to EPA. Manufacturers would have an ongoing obligation to update the information.