Inderscience Publishers

Conception of a Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF) incineration plant and its environmental benefit

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Since landfill ban was realised in July 2009 in Germany, wastes that have a high and middle calorific value must be incinerated. Fossil fuels like oil and coal for the generation of electricity and/or heat can be substituted, so that approximately 4 million tons of CO
2
could be avoided. Waste incineration is a possible partial solution for avoiding worst impacts of climate change. This paper explores the concept of an incineration plant for waste with a reference calorific value of 15,000 kJ/kg. The plant layout, energy usage, opportunities to reduce CO
2
emissions and Germany's contribution to climate change are discussed.

Keywords: carbon emissions, waste incineration, carbon dioxide emissions, CO2 emissions, reduction potential, waste management, biogenic content, best practice incineration, GHG emissions, greenhouse gases, landfill ban, Germany, climate change, global warming

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