Keywords: carbon emissions, waste incineration, carbon dioxide emissions, CO2 emissions, reduction potential, waste management, biogenic content, best practice incineration, GHG emissions, greenhouse gases, landfill ban, Germany, climate change, global warming
Conception of a Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF) incineration plant and its environmental benefit
Since landfill ban was realised in July 2009 in Germany, wastes that have a high and middle calorific value must be incinerated. Fossil fuels like oil and coal for the generation of electricity and/or heat can be substituted, so that approximately 4 million tons of CO
2could be avoided. Waste incineration is a possible partial solution for avoiding worst impacts of climate change. This paper explores the concept of an incineration plant for waste with a reference calorific value of 15,000 kJ/kg. The plant layout, energy usage, opportunities to reduce CO
2emissions and Germany's contribution to climate change are discussed.