Experiments were performed to reduce chemical oxygen demand (COD) from 4,4′-diaminostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic (DSD) acid manufacturing wastewater using electrochemical oxidation coupled with adsorption by granular activated carbon. The COD removal is affected by the residence time and applied voltage. When the residence time is increased, lower value of COD effluent could be obtained, however, the average current efficiency (ACE) decreased rapidly, and so does the applied voltage. In addition, aeration could effectively enhance COD removal efficiency and protect anodes from corrosion. Furthermore, the acidic condition is beneficial to the rapid decrease of COD and the values of pH effluent are independent of the initial solution pH. The optimization conditions obtained from these experiments are applied voltage of 4.8 V, residence time of 180 min and air–liquid ratio of 4.2 with the COD effluent of about 690 mg L−1. In these cases, the ACE and energy consumption are 388% and 4.144 kW h kg−1 COD, respectively. These perfect results from the experiments illustrate that the combined process is a considerable alternative for the treatment of industrial wastewater containing high concentration of organic pollutants and salinity.
Keywords: adsorption, aeration, electrochemical oxidation, wastewater