Crane classification

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Courtesy of Weihua Crane Machinery Co., Ltd.

Generally have the following types of classification:
1.  Small light lifting equipment
Small light lifting equipment with light weight, compact structure, simple operation, the operating ranges priority to with point and line. Light small lifting equipment usually has only one lifting mechanism, which only allows for single lifting movement. Lifting equipment included in this category: jack, tackle, chain or electric hoist and winches, etc. Electric hoist usually equipped with traveling hoist trolley and metal frame in order to expand its scope of operation.
2.  Bridge CraneGantry Crane

Overhead Crane/Bridge Crane can make weights hanging on hooks or other extract devices to achieve vertical lifting or horizontal transport in space. Overhead Crane/Bridge Crane consists of: lifting mechanism, long traveling and cross traveling mechanisms. Relied on the action of these mechanisms, the crane can lift and handle weights in certain cubic space. Overhead cranes, gantry cranes, ship-to yard crane, metallurgical bridge cranes, cable cranes, etc. are all included.
3.  Jib erecting crane
Jib erecting crane features are basically the same with bridge cranes. Jib erecting crane consists of: hoisting mechanism, jib lubbing mechanism and rotating mechanism. Relied on the action of these mechanisms, the crane can lift and handle weights in certain cylindrical space. Jib erecting crane often installed on vehicles or other transportation tools, thus constitutes of traveling jib erecting rotating crane. Such as mobile cranes, rubber tired cranes, tower cranes, gantry cranes, portal cranes, railway cranes, etc.
4. Lift equipment
Characteristic of lift equipment is that the weight or extract device only lifting along the rail. Although there is only one lifting mechanism, there are many other attached devices of the lift equipment, so it constitutes a separate category, which including: elevator, cargo lift, ship lift and so on.
In addition, there are a variety of crane classification methods. For example, classified according to extract device and use purpose: hook crane, grab craneelectromagnetic cranemetallurgical crane, stacker crane, container crane and rescue crane; classified by transport modes: fixed crane, traveling crane, self-propelled crane, towing crane, climbing crane, portable crane and truck mounted crane; classified by driving types: supporting crane, suspension crane; classified by using occasion: workshop crane, machine house crane, warehouse crane, storage yard crane, construction crane, engineering crane, port crane, shipyard cranedam crane and shipboard crane, etc.

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