Decentralized peri-urban wastewater treatment technologies assessment integrating sustainability indicators

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Selection of treatment technologies without considering the environmental, economic and social factors associated with each geographical context risks the occurrence of negative impacts that were not properly foreseen, working against the sustainable performance of the technology. The principal aim of this study was to evaluate 12 technologies for decentralized treatment of domestic wastewater applicable to peri-urban communities using sustainability approaches and, at the same time, continuing a discussion about how to address a more integrated assessment of overall sustainability. For this, a set of 13 indicators that embody the environmental, economic and social approach for the overall sustainability assessment were used by means of a target plot diagram as a tool for integrating indicators that represent a holistic analysis of the technologies. The obtained results put forward different degrees of sustainability, which led to the selection of: septic tank + land infiltration; up-flow anaerobic reactor + high rate trickling filter and septic tank + anaerobic filter as the most sustainable and attractive technologies to be applied in peri-urban communities, according to the employed indicators.

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