A decision support system (DSS) tool for the assessment of intervention strategies (Alternatives) in an urban water system (UWS) with an integral simulation model called ‘WaterMet2’ is presented. The DSS permits the user to identify one or more optimal Alternatives over a fixed long-term planning horizon using performance metrics mapped to the TRUST sustainability criteria. The DSS exposes lists of in-built intervention options and system performance metrics for the user to compose new Alternatives. The quantitative metrics are calculated by the WaterMet2 model, and further qualitative or user-defined metrics may be specified by the user or by external tools feeding into the DSS. A multi-criteria decision analysis approach is employed within the DSS to compare the defined Alternatives and to rank them with respect to a pre-specified weighting scheme for different Scenarios. Two rich, interactive graphical user interfaces, one desktop and one web-based, are employed to assist with guiding the end user through the stages of defining the problem, evaluating and ranking Alternatives. This mechanism provides a useful tool for decision makers to compare different strategies for the planning of UWS with respect to multiple Scenarios. The efficacy of the DSS is demonstrated on a northern European case study inspired by a real-life UWS for a mixture of quantitative and qualitative criteria. The results demonstrate how the DSS, integrated with an UWS modelling approach, can be used to assist planners in meeting their long-term, strategic-level sustainability objectives.
How Water Treatment Plants Protect Fish from Disruptive Synthetic Hormones
Scottish Water provides 1.34 billion liters of drinking water every day and takes away 847 million liters of waste water daily. Answerable to both the Scottish Parliament and the people of Scotland, Scottish Water recognizes that innovation is a key enabler for them to deliver sustainable, high-quality water treatment services. One of the many compounds they monitor for is the drug class of estrogens. Estrogens are routinely used either as contraceptive medicines or in hormone replacement therapy and can enter...
Nitrate Analysis of Water Samples Using a Benchtop UV-Vis Spectrophotometer
Nitrogen is naturally found in groundwater and surface water in the form of nitrate, nitrite, or ammonium. The EPA has established a maximum contaminant level of nitrate-nitrogen in potable water of 10ppm. This application presents results of UV-Vis analysis of nitrate concentrations in drinking water, ground water, and industrial wastewater, showing that the manual colorimetric method is suitable for analysis of nitrate contamination in water systems. The data included is part of a data set being used to...
TOC analyzer for airports
During winter, de-icing processes at airports necessitate storm water and de-icing water management. Especially due to adhesive (sticky) substances, strongly fluctuating concentrations and a lot of chemicals, the monitoring systems itself must be tailor-made to fight this water analysis challenge. LAR `s QuickTOCairport is an application-specific online total organic carbon (TOC) analyzer that meets these tough requirements. The sample is injected via a robot-driven injection system to the oven – without...
Case study - Oil analysis - House Calls - Help reduce offshore equipment failures
A new approachIt is hard to think of another environment where an equipment failure could have a greater negative impact on employee safety and lost production than an offshore oil and gas production platform. Yet offshore platforms are among the world’s most difficult locations to operate and maintain equipment. In most cases, skilled people and supplies can only reach the platform by ship or helicopter so the cost of bringing technical specialists, replacement equipment, spare parts and tools to the...
Faster, more accurate test results for water analysis
The future is bright for a Guelph company whose innovative water-quality monitoring technology is helping industries and municipalities save millions of dollars while better protecting the environment. MANTECH manufactures water analysis systems that provide faster, more accurate test results while using environmentally-friendly methods. Incorporated in 2010, MANTECH has worked with Innovation Guelph from the start, as a Fast Lane client and through the Fuel Injection program, and is quickly making inroads in a...