Aeration Industries International (AII)

Deep Ditch Minimizes Footprint case study


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Aerator/mixer system reduces effluent discharge BODTSS and phosphorus

A goal of many communities in planning wastewater treatment facilities is to minimize the footprint, reducing land use. To reach this goal, a Chinese municipality built their oxidation ditch to deeper parameter depths than conventional designs but experienced serious process and mechanical issues.

Officials found that not all aerators are equal. For tackling this deep ditch activated sludge system, the right system was the Aire-O2 Triton® aerator/mixer.

The city of Lin An, in the Peoples Republic of China, is located about 31 miles west of Hangzhou, the capitol of Zhejiang Province. The city’s wastewater treatment facility is an oxidation ditch system with an influent flow of 10.5 million gal per day (MGD) with influent BOD of 200 mg/L, total suspended solids (TSS) at 200 mg/L, and Phosphorus at less than 3 mg/L.

The Lin An oxidation ditch has a total water depth of 13.7 feet, nearly twice the depth found in conventional brush rotor type ditches that are approximately 6 to 8 feet deep.

Learn more about Municipal Wastewater Solutions from Aeration Industries.The Importance of Mixing

The facility’s original system design was equipped with 50 Hp brush rotor type aerators in the two ring ditches. The facility had been experiencing treatment process problems with the system, including difficulties in maintaining mixing velocities in the ditch to keep solids in suspension for biological treatment. Meeting permit regulations became more challenging.

Maintenance of the rotors was a big problem and compounded the mixing inadequacies. The gears on the brush rotor type aerators had to be continually replaced. These aerators required expensive maintenance, downtime, and many manpower hours. The brush rotor system type also released aerosols into the air with the exchange of air and wastewater. As the treatment process deteriorated, the noxious odors also became a nagging problem for the community.

City officials decided to drain the ditches and remove any buildup sludge to improve performance capabilities. The total water depth of the ditch was 13.7 feet. After the ditch was drained, a huge amount of sludge buildup– 6.7 ft, almost half the depth of the ditch, was discovered and removed. Looking at the photo above, one can see where the white colored lines had formed from the sludge and stained the ditch. The 50 Hp rotors had only been able to mix half the depth of the ditch effectively.

Process Performance and Trouble Free Operation

The Lin An officials decided to upgrade and expand the plant to a three-ring design. The aeration system of choice was the Aire-O2 Triton process aerator/mixer system. The total number of units installed were 16 x 30 Hp and 16 x 20 Hp units.

The system creates a high velocity, horizontal mixing flow pattern for maximum treatment efficiency. The units are capable of mixing to 33 ft deep, oxygenating with fine bubble oxygen dispersion that keeps solids in suspension. This optimizes the treatment process and eliminates dead zones and sludge build up.

The city is very pleased that the aerators require minimal maintenance. The Triton has a simple mechanical design, few wear components, and has no gear reducer. The low speed operation extends aerator life, greatly improves mixing, and its quiet operation and elimination of odors makes it community friendly.

Using smaller sized aerator/mixers allows for “turn-down capability” whereby one or more units (aeration and mixing) can be turned entirely on or off to match BOD demand and flow fluctuations, which improves process operation and minimizes operating costs, such as electrical consumption. This also allows for nitrification (aeration and mixing) or denitrification (in the mixing only mode), a feature unavailable in the brush rotor system.

The Lin An wastewater treatment facility is now a showcase site meeting its permit discharge limits. Effluent discharge BOD is less than 20 mg/l, TSS is less than 20 mg/l and phosphorus is less than 0.5 mg/l. Lin An is being a good community steward by decreasing the footprint of its wastewater treatment plant in this large province. A side benefit is the staff is very pleased with the new “worry-free” aeration system that allows them time for other duties at the facility.

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