Delivering water supply and sanitation in fragile states : the transition from emergency to development
Addressing the challenges of Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations (FCS) is a priority for the World Bank Group and other development partners. Despite substantial aid flows, current modes of support from the international community have not sufficiently achieved stated goals of reducing poverty, increasing stability and strengthening institutions. This note captures the main points and messages from a conference held in Nairobi on 3-5 May 2011 that initiated a community of practice bringing together Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) sector actors with actors involved in building core country systems. The aim was to develop action plans for resolving the capacity conundrum and transitioning the WSS sector from emergency interventions to country-led development programs. Although emergencies require short-term interventions outside core country systems to deal with humanitarian crises, it is important to work with and develop core systems in cross-sectoral partnerships as early as possible. Doing so enhances the rate and reach of service delivery and links service delivery with the political process - so building legitimacy of the state.
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