Keywords: reverse supply chains, solid waste management, supply chain management, SCM, Cuba, environmental impact, reverse supply chain design
Design methodology of the reverse supply chain for the management of the solid waste in Cuba
Every product presents a lifecycle which goes from the extraction of raw material, production, distribution, use or consumption. The Reverse Supply Chain (RSC) is aimed to all the product and material flow, from the consumption toward the point of origin to recover the value that these products or materials still have and to give the appropriate destination to the waste. In order to achieve this, an important work of organisation and planning is required. This research has the goal to elaborate and apply a design methodology of the Reverse Supply Chain for the management of solid waste which determines effectively the destination with a favourable environmental impact. Among others, the following methods were used in the development of the research: process approach, method of solution of problems, flow analysis, statistic methods and research methods of operation with computational support.