Desk Study on the Environment in the Occupied Palestinian Territories
The Middle East is a meeting point of many escalating environmental threats, This is particularly
the case in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Long-term environmental degradation
has occurred over the decades spanning several conflicts. In an already densely populated
area, there are additional problems of scarcity of water resources and land, rapid
population growth, long-lasting refugee situation, climate change, desertification and land
The years of conflict have presented huge challenges to the Palestinians efforts to manage in a sound manner the environment and natural resources. To obtain a comprehensive picture of the alarming environmental situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, longterm environmental challenges were addressed in this Desk Study, in parallel with the additional environmental risks and damage created by the on-going conflict.