Determination of number of check dams by artificial neural networks in arid regions of Iran
An artificial neural network (ANN) model with six hydrological factors including time of concentration (TC), curve number, slope, imperviousness, area and input discharge as input parameters and number of check dams (NCD) as output parameters was developed and created using GIS and field surveys. The performance of this model was assessed by the coefficient of determination R2, root mean square error (RMSE), values account and mean absolute error (MAE). The results showed that the computed values of NCD using ANN with a multi-layer perceptron (MLP) model regarding RMSE, MAE, values adjustment factor (VAF), and R2 (1.75, 1.25, 90.74, and 0.97) for training, (1.34, 0.89, 97.52, and 0.99) for validation and (0.53, 0.8, 98.32, and 0.99) for test stage, respectively, were in close agreement with their respective values in the watershed. Finally, the sensitivity analysis showed that the area, TC and curve number were the most effective parameters in estimating the number of check dams.
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