Green manufacturing (GM) is a term used to describe manufacturing practices that do not harm the environment during any part of the manufacturing process. It emphasises the use of processes that do not pollute the environment or harm consumers, employees, or other members of the community. GM stresses on reducing parts, rationalising materials, and reusing components, to help make products more efficient to build. A survey was undertaken by the authors in 2009 to determine the extent of awareness and implementation of GM practices within various manufacturing industries in the Vidharba region of Maharashtra, India. In this paper, an approach is made to develop an instrument to find the status of awareness and implementation of GM in this region. It also aims at developing and validating performance measures for GM in Indian context that could be used by manufacturers in assessing and improving their environmental manufacturing performance. The author concludes that the adaptation of GM by industries is still at very early stage with much work to be done to raise levels of awareness and to convince them regarding the potential benefits of GM.
Keywords: green manufacturing, GM, performance measure, critical success factor, reliability analysis, India