Development of permeability properties of polyamide thin film composite nanofiltration membrane by using the dimethyl sulfoxide additive

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A novel polyamide thin film composite (PATFC) as a nanofiltration (NF) membrane was prepared by a modified interfacial polymerization (IP) reaction. Herein trimesoyl chloride and piperazine as the reagents, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as additive and polysulfone (PSF) ultrafiltration membrane as support were used respectively. The main goal of the present study is to improve TFC membrane water flux by addition of DMSO into the aqueous phase of IP reaction, without considerable rejection loss. Morphological, roughness, and chemical structures of the PATFC membrane were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), respectively. The AFM analysis demonstrated that as DMSO was added to the aqueous phase, the surface roughness of PATFC membrane increased. Results showed that the pure water flux of modified-PATFC membranes increased up to 46%, compared to nonmodified-PATFC membrane, while salt rejection was not sacrificed considerably. The results elucidated that the addition of DMSO leads to an increase in the number of cross-linking bonds between monomers and pore diameter, which results in enhancement of the membrane flux. Finally, the results showed that the newly developed PATFC membrane is a high-performance NF membrane which augments the efficiency of conventional PATFC membrane.

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