Inderscience Publishers

Development of the public sector in the Korean innovation system

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The private sector takes the initiative in developing national innovation system (NIS). Without the appropriate support from the public sector, it would not work as successfully as anticipated. Moreover, as the environment of NIS becomes more complex and dynamic, in order to support the private sector, the roles of the public sector should be extended and more specialised than ever before; systematic efforts for cooperation with the private sector are imperative. This paper examines the development process of the public sector of Korea's national innovation system over the past three decades by using a conceptual framework from organisation and system theories: the formation process of the public sector, the process of its diversification and specialisation, the establishment of coordination mechanism etc. Some policy implications would be helpful to other developing countries.

Keywords: national innovation system (NIS), technology trajectory, industrialisation strategy, development of public sector

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