Abstract: The Southern African Region has been experiencing power shortages due to increased demand with static power supply as a result of limited investment in both generation and transmission infrastructure across the region. This paper discusses how the power utilities in the region plan to cope with the power challenges and the measures that are planned for the future.
Keywords: power generation in SAPP; regional support to Eskom; regional cooperation.
The Southern African economic block called the Southern African Development Community (SADC) consists of twelve member countries on Continental Africa. The countries on continental Africa are Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Mauritius, Madagascar and Seychelles complete the fifteen member SADC assembly and are located offshore from Continental Africa. The SADC region on mainland Africa has an estimated population of 240 million people.
In 1995, SADC established the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) with the aim to optimise the use of available energy resources in the region and for countries to support one another during national emergencies. The SAPP was created as a cooperative pool with the long-term of becoming a competitive pool.
It is well documented (Naidoo et ah, 2004; Musaba et ah, 2004a, 2004b, 2007; UTHO Capital et al., 2009; Hammons, 2009a, 2009b) that power demand in the Southern African region has outstripped supply and that in the last few years most of the power utilities in the SADC region have been load shedding. Demand has outstripped supply and demand is now being suppressed to contain the situation.