EU GHG inventory submission to UNFCCC (EEA and DG Climate Action)
The European Union (EU), as a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), reports annually on greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for the years 1990 to X-2 (i.e. two years before the current year1) and within the area covered by its Member States. The legal basis for the compilation of the EU GHG inventory is Regulation (EU) 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions (EU MMR). The annual GHG inventory is the official data source on greenhouse gas emissions of the European Union and its final submission to the UNFCCC takes place at the end of May.
Total GHG emissions reported in the EU GHG inventory submission to UNFCCC include all anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all GHGs not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, relevant for compliance under the Kyoto Protocol. The EU GHG inventory is based on the aggregation of Member States’ inventories as reported to the EU and to the UNFCCC according to the above mentioned EU MMR. Both EU and Member States’ GHG inventories are reported in line with UNFCCC Reporting Guidelines and IPCC methodological guidance; they are also subject to annual reviews by experts from Annex and non-Annex I Parties according to internationally agreed Review Guidelines.
The main institutions involved in the compilation of the EU GHG inventory are the Member States, the European Commission’s Directorates-General Climate Action (DG CLIMA), Eurostat, the Joint Research Centre and the European Environment Agency (EEA) and its European Topic Centre on Air Pollution and Climate Change Mitigation (ETC/ACM).
Official EU greenhouse gas inventory - http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/european-union-greenhouse-gas-inventory-2013
Approximated/Proxy GHG inventory (EEA, DG Climate Action)
The approximated GHG inventory is an early estimate for the GHG emissions for the year preceding the current year2, available around September each year. The legal basis for the Proxy GHG emission estimates is Regulation (EU) 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions (EU MMR). Article 8 requires Member States to submit to the Commission approximated greenhouse gas inventories for the year X-1 by 31 July every year. Then, the European Environment Agency (EEA) assists the Commission in the compilation of the Union approximated greenhouse gas inventory. When Member States do not provide their own proxy emission estimates, the EEA produces gap-filled estimates in order to have a complete approximated GHG inventory for the European Union. The Commission has to make this information available to the public each year by 30 September.